The Bathurst Regional Council recycle system, installed by Ted Wilson & Sons of Blayney using equipment supplied by CST Wastewater Solutions, recovers and disinfects the filter backwash water at the plant. Disinfection of backwash supernatant – clear liquid that collects above sediment – is not widely used in Australia, but can recover up to 10 per cent of raw water supply while also avoiding the need for discharge flows into river systems.Serving a population of about 37,000, Bathurst’s water filtration plant was originally constructed in 1972. Significant upgrades from 1987 to 1994 increased the water treatment capacity from 27 to 60 million litres per day.The filter backwash water, which is a by-product of the reverse flushing of the sand filters in the filtration plant in order to clear them of sludge, is discharged into the system’s three sludge lagoons, along with sludge from the sedimentation tank. Previously the supernatant from the sludge lagoons was eventually decanted from the lagoons and discharged. The new system involved the construction of a supernatant pumping station and associated pipework to enable the automatic recycling of supernatant from the sludge lagoons into an in-ground well, and then into the first chamber of the rapid mix tank.The recycle stream will not exceed 10 per cent of the raw water flow through the water treatment system.At the present annual water consumption of about 6000 ML, the wastewater to be recovered could be in the order of 192 ML per year. The overall water to be saved is estimated to be 13,000 ML over 50 years.Contractor TWS was required to supply and install two submersible motor pumps for the pumping station at the in-ground well, one being a duty pump and the other a standby. Also installed were an electrical switchboard at the pumping well and other associated equipment, including a level control for the pumps and lifting chains for raising and lowering them for maintenance.A Berson UV disinfection system, supplied by CST Wastewater Solutions, was fitted between the pumping station and the rapid mix tank to disinfect the recycled water from the sludge lagoons before returning it to the rapid mix tank. The system fully disinfects up to a flow rate of 60 L/s and has a variable power control to enable the UV dosage to be adjustable to suit operating conditions.The transmissivity (UVT10) of the UV system is 75 per cent, the TSS is less than 10 mg/L and the performance is Log Reductions: >3.1 Log Faecal Coliforms, >2.0 Log E. Coli, thereby providing very effective protozoa destruction.