The study, entitled Characterization of feed channel spacer performance using geometries obtained by X-ray computed tomography,is published by Elsevier - Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 522, (2017), 124-139.
 
It is an example of the reverse osmosis (RO) collaborative efforts Conwed pursues with industry and academic researchers and scientists to expand the knowledge about RO feed spacers and their impact on pressure drop, membrane damage and biofouling; the top three challenges in every RO system.
 
Conwed manufactures feed spacers for industrial, sea water reverse osmosis (SWRO) and brackish water reverse osmosis (BWRO) systems.  In recent years, the technology and innovation team at Conwed has proactively looked for alternative technologies to help address pressure drop, membrane damage and biofouling from a feed spacer developer’s perspective. 
 
Exploring feed spacer design and composition to impact performance has led Conwed to utilize new technologies such as 3D printing, to shorten the development process between initial design and full production.