This Special Issue on Radioactive Decontamination of Water was inspired in particular by the nuclear accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in Japan on 11 March 2011.
The Guest Editors have brought together 24 research teams from 15 countries around the world: Canada, the US, China, Spain, Poland, Austria, Finland, Denmark, Hungary, Turkey, Malaysia, Egypt, Yemen, Iran, and the United Arab Emirates.
The Special Issue aims to focus the attention of people who are seriously concerned with solving radioactive waste problems – not just from nuclear plant accidents, but also from nuclear fuel facilities, the nuclear weapons industry, uranium enrichment plants, radioisotope production, and their use in medicine, research and agriculture.
It provides an updated source of information necessary for the assessment of novel materials, approaches and technologies for liquid radioactive treatments, in order to invoke adequate actions in efficiently innovative directions.
The Special Issue covers the following topics:
- Radioactive waste classification and the latest process developments.
- The use of membrane processes.
- Novel radioactive-resistant membranes for the treatment of radioactive wastewaters.
- Modified chitosan biopolymers.
- Nano tin oxide and poly(acrylamide-expanded perlite) adsorbents.
- Selective adsorption using ammonium molybdophosphate.
- Management and treatment of hospital radioactive liquid wastes by ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis.
- Removing long-life radioactive isotopes using an underwater plasma torch reactor, microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and Cs-selective ion-exchange.
- Contamination of groundwater by naturally occurring radioactive materials, especially in the Middle East and Arabian Gulf.
- Rejection of radionuclides by reverse osmosis and nanofiltration.
- Removal of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from contaminated groundwater using centrifugal solvent extraction and distillation.
- Applicability of naturally generated isotopes in environmental and geological dating research.
- Seawater desalination using nuclear energy: preventing contamination pathways, and novel tools for thermodynamic evaluation.