Graphical abstract.
Graphical abstract.

The research article 'A review of graphene-based separation membrane: Materials, characteristics, preparation and applications' has been published in Elsevier journal Desalination.

Abstract

Membrane desalination has become an important solution to global water problems. Graphene-based materials have excellent advantages in the desalination process due to their intriguing features, including single atomic layer structure, large specific surface area, hydrophobic property, rich modification approaches, etc. After an introduction of membrane, graphene and graphene oxide (GO), this review systematically summarizes the current progress and gives an insight into the graphene-based separation membranes (GBSMs). The applications of the pressure-driven graphene-based membranes are introduced and their performances are listed and analyzed. By molecular dynamics simulation (MDS), the researchers predict the excellent performances of GBSMs, including high water flux, good salt rejection, etc. which have been verified in subsequent experiments. We believe that the application of graphene-based materials in pressure-driven membrane is worthy of further exploration. Several researchers have prepared electric-driven membranes with graphene-based materials, since their good stabilities and water-retention. However, graphene is not efficient in forward osmosis membrane area for now. In spite of the shortcomings like weak mechanical strength of single layer graphene, difficult to prepare nanopores on graphene film and hard to integrate with polymer, we hold the opinion that graphene-based films still have great research value especially in the membrane separation technology.

Access the complete article on ScienceDirect.