Chitosan/polyvinyl alcohol membranes for air filtration

The research article 'Antibacterial and environmentally friendly chitosan/polyvinyl alcohol blend membranes for air filtration' has been published in Elsevier journal Carbohydrate Polymers.

Abstract

An antibacterial and environmentally friendly chitosan (CS) /polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) blend membrane for air filtration was prepared via non-solvent induced phase separation (NIPS) method. The chemical structure, thermal behavior, morphology, mechanical property and surface charge of the resultant CS/PVA membranes were characterized. Results showed that CS and PVA were miscible due to the intermolecular hydrogen bond between them. The blend membrane obtained from over 20 wt.% CS concentration exhibited a gradient interconnected porous structure without skin layer. The air filtration efficiency and pressure drop obtained from CS/PVA membrane with 30 wt.% CS concentration and the thickness of 37 μm under a face velocity of 5.3 cm s−1 were 95.59% and 633.5 Pa, respectively. The performance of air filtration obtained is mainly attributed to the direct interception of membrane surface. Further, the antibacterial rate of the blend membrane was up to 94.8% for E. coli and 91.3% for S. aureus.

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